Tanzania Travel Guide

All you need to know for planning your adventure in Tanzania

Tanzania travel guide: Discover the wonders of the African gem

Embark on an unforgettable journey and immerse yourself into the essence of Tanzania—a country that narrates a diverse tale of sunbaked savannahs, idyllic islands, and bustling cities.

Our all-inclusive travel guide provides essential insights into Tanzania’s iconic attractions, such as the majestic Serengeti or the locally-rich Mount Kilimanjaro, as well as untrodden paths rarely explored.

Get ready to delve into a wealth of information, including historical landmarks, cultural attractions, practical travel tips, and numerous other aspects that will make your Tanzanian adventure truly remarkable. Whether you seek an adrenaline-rushing safari or a tranquil beach resort, this guide is your ultimate companion for a Tanzanian odyssey tailored to your dreams.

Click through to further explore and tailor your adventure in this African paradise.


Captivating Wildlife Sanctuaries: A Sneak Peek into Tanzania's Majestic National Parks

Welcome to the wild heart of Africa! Tanzania's National Parks are a theater wherein nature's most spellbinding dramas unfold. Home to a rich tapestry of landscapes and abundant wildlife, these parks provide a breathtaking backdrop to an unforgettable African adventure. Venture into the endless plains of the renowned Serengeti, marvel at Ngorongoro Crater's teeming wildlife sanctuary, or explore one of the world's largest wildlife reserves—Selous.

Delight in the diverse habitats of Tarangire and be mesmerized by the scenic beauty of Lake Manyara. Immerse yourself in the untamed wilderness of Ruaha, or journey into the lesser-known, yet astonishing Gombe Stream National Park.

Each park offers unique sights, sounds, and experiences—an ode to Tanzania's rich biodiversity. Find out more about each incredible park by clicking on the cards below. Allow yourself to be whisked away on a safari of discovery, right here in Tanzania's cherishable National Parks.


Encounter the Splendid Wildlife of Tanzania: A Foretaste of Tanzania's Faunal Wonders

As you set off on your Tanzanian adventure, prepare yourself for some of the most remarkable wildlife sightings. The country's diverse habitats foster a rich array of creatures, from the colossal African elephant to the elusive leopard.

Each venture through the lush savannah or a scenic drive through Tanzania's national parks promises sightings of the iconic 'Big Five' – lions, elephants, buffalos, leopards, and rhinos. Yet, there's much more to encounter. Hundreds of bird species color the skies, herds of wildebeests and zebras traverse the plains, and in the dense forests, you might spot primates like chimpanzees and baboons.

Closer to the rivers, hippos and crocodiles bask, while in the clear ocean waters, you can discover vibrant marine life. The diverse fauna of Tanzania is one of the reasons that make this country a premier destination for wildlife enthusiasts around the globe. Experience this unique spectacle, where nature's grandeur unfolds before you in its most untouched and raw form.


Unforgettable Adventures: Embrace a Wide Range of Activities in Tanzania

Unearth the vibrant experiences Tanzania has to offer beyond its conventional, yet awe-inspiring, game drives. This diverse country offers a treasure trove of activities tailored to satiate the quest of every adventurer.

Glide peacefully on a canoe, watching wildlife from a unique perspective, or delve into the heart of the wilderness on guided bush walks and walking safaris, experiencing nature's symphony up close. Night game drives offer a whole new perspective on wildlife as nocturnal creatures come alive beneath the starlit African sky.

For a bird’s-eye view of the great Serengeti migration, treat yourself to a hot air balloon ride, inflating your Instagram with unforgettable memories. Immerse in the authentic local culture through tours to village homesteads and meaningful tribal meetings. For trekking enthusiasts, the African sky is no limit with opportunities to conquer the mighty Mount Kilimanjaro or explore the striking landscapes of the lesser-known Usambara Mountains or Ol Doinyo Lengai in Lake Natron.

Each activity enhances your Tanzania journey with distinctive charm, creating a unique tapestry of unforgettable experiences.

Things to know before traveling to Tanzania

Here, we provide you with essential information and answers to common queries to help you prepare for your trip to Tanzania. Knowing a few key details before you travel can ensure a smooth and memorable experience in this captivating country. Whether you're planning a thrilling safari adventure, exploring the majestic landscapes, or immersing yourself in the rich culture, we've got you covered.

From visa requirements to currency, safety tips to health precautions, our comprehensive FAQ guide will provide you with the vital knowledge needed to make the most of your Tanzanian journey. So, let's dive into the questions and answers that will help you navigate your way through this incredible East African destination.

Tanzania, formerly known as Tanganyika, is a captivating country nestled in East Africa. Renowned for its rich cultural heritage, abundant wildlife, and breathtaking landscapes, this destination offers travelers an enriching experience like no other. With seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Tanzania unveils ancient histories and diverse cultures that have shaped its vibrant tapestry.

At the heart of Tanzania lies the majestic Mount Kilimanjaro, the tallest free-standing mountain in the world, reaching a staggering height of 5,895 meters (19,341 feet). Its summit beckons adventurous souls to embark on an unforgettable trekking expedition, rewarding them with awe-inspiring views.

For wildlife enthusiasts, Tanzania is a playground of remarkable biodiversity. Embark on thrilling game drives in various national parks and witness the famous Serengeti Migration, where millions of wildebeest and zebras make their epic journey across vast plains. Explore the fascinating remnants of our early ancestors at sites like Olduvai Gorge, shedding light on the origins of humanity.

But Tanzania offers more than just wildlife and history. It presents a unique blend of experiences, making it a complete getaway. Bask in the sun on palm-fringed beaches along the Indian Ocean, indulge in snorkeling or swimming amidst vibrant coral reefs, and immerse yourself in the natural beauty that surrounds you. From rustic camping safaris to luxurious lodges, Tanzania provides a range of accommodations to suit every traveler's needs.

Prepare to be captivated by the wonders of Tanzania, where ancient traditions intermingle with extraordinary wildlife encounters, creating an unforgettable travel experience.

Tanzania is a country characterized by diverse geography and a tropical climate. Its geographical features encompass vast plains, plateaus, mountain ranges, and lakes. Notably, Tanzania is home to Africa's highest mountain, Mount Kilimanjaro, which stands at an impressive height of 5,895 meters. In addition, Lake Tanganyika, the world's second-deepest lake, is found within Tanzania's borders.

The country experiences a tropical climate, with variations based on its diverse topography.

Coastal regions exhibit a tropical climate with high humidity and temperatures ranging from 80°F to 95°F. The annual rainfall in these areas averages around 65 inches. On the other hand, the central plateau, which covers a significant portion of Tanzania, is characterized by hot and dry conditions, along with an altitude of 3,000-4,000 feet.

Tanzania also experiences two rainy seasons. The long rainy season occurs from March to May, while the short rainy season takes place from October to December[5]. Temperatures remain relatively stable throughout the year, with daytime highs of around 82°F and lows of around 68°F.

The best time to go on a safari in Tanzania depends on the destination and on the type of wildlife you plan to observe. Generally, the dry season, from late June until October, is considered the best time for wildlife viewing, particularly in the northern parks of Tanzania such as the Serengeti, Tarangire, and Ngorongoro Crater. During this time, the grass is shorter, and the animals gather around water sources, making them easier to spot. Moreover, as the vegetation is less dense, it allows for better visibility of animals.

The dry season is also the peak tourist season, which means that visitors may need to plan and book ahead to secure accommodations and permits for popular park tours.

Although the dry season is considered the best for wild animal sightings, the wet season can be a better time to visit other areas of Tanzania and enjoy different activities. Many of the southern reserves and parks are best visited in the wet season from November to May when the wildlife is abundant, and the bird population is at its largest, making it an excellent time for bird-watching enthusiasts.

Ultimately, the best time to go on a safari in Tanzania depends on your preferred destination, interests, and tolerance for crowds and weather conditions, but visitors can plan a trip year-round with proper research and preparation.

Tanzania's wildlife is one of the richest in Africa, with many species not found anywhere else on the continent. The country has a diverse range of creatures, and it's estimated that it boasts a total of 430 species and subspecies. Among them are a wide array of predators like lions, leopards, and cheetahs, as well as 140 species of antelope, elephants, zebras, hippos, giraffes, buffalo, primates, and many more.

Tanzania is a birdwatcher's paradise, with approximately 1,050 bird species, including both endemic and globally significant species. The birdlife in Tanzania spans from the northern montane forests to the southern grasslands of the Serengeti.

In addition to wildlife, Tanzania's varied ecosystems support a rich flora, with around 11,000 plant species. From the tropical rainforests in the Usambara and Uluguru mountains to the acacia savannahs of the Serengeti plains, the plant life of Tanzania showcases incredible diversity.

Notably, the montane forests in Tanzania contain an estimated 7% of Africa's endemic plant species, making them an essential area for biodiversity conservation

Tanzania is known for its rich cultural diversity, with numerous tribes and ethnic groups residing in the country[3]. Among the tribes living in Tanzania are the Maasai and the tribes of the Eyasi Lake region.

The Maasai people are a Nilotic ethnic group that inhabits northern, central, and southern Kenya as well as northern Tanzania[1]. They are well-known internationally due to their distinctive customs and dress, as well as their close proximity to the game parks of the African Great Lakes region.

Lake Eyasi is home to two ancient tribes, the Hadzabe and the Datoga. The Hadzabe, also known as the Hadza, are a protected hunter-gatherer indigenous ethnic group living in the central Rift Valley, particularly around the Lake Eyasi basin. They have a unique way of life, practicing traditional hunting and gathering techniques. The Datoga are another tribal group found in the Eyasi Lake region. They are pastoralists and are known for their skills in metalworking and farming.

These tribes, including the Maasai, Hadzabe, and Datoga, have distinct cultures, languages, and traditions that have been passed down through generations. They contribute to the cultural diversity and heritage of Tanzania.

Tanzania offers a wide range of tourist attractions that cater to nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers. Here are some of the main tourist attractions in Tanzania:

  • Mount Kilimanjaro: Africa's tallest mountain, Mount Kilimanjaro, is a popular destination for hikers and climbers. Its iconic snow-capped peak attracts adventurers from around the world.
  • Serengeti National Park: Known for its incredible wildlife and the annual Great Migration, Serengeti National Park is a must-visit destination for safari enthusiasts. Witness the spectacle of millions of wildebeests, zebras, and other animals as they cross the vast plains in search of food and water.
  • Ngorongoro Conservation Area: Located within the Great Rift Valley, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area is home to the Ngorongoro Crater, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This natural wonder boasts a diverse ecosystem with abundant wildlife, including lions, elephants, rhinos, and flamingos. Visitors can enjoy game drives and breathtaking views from the crater rim.
  • Zanzibar Archipelago: Comprising several islands, including the main island of Unguja, the Zanzibar Archipelago offers stunning beaches, crystal-clear turquoise waters, and a fascinating blend of African, Arab, and European cultures. Explore historic Stone Town, indulge in water sports, or simply relax on the pristine beaches.
  • Tarangire National Park: Known for its large elephant population, Tarangire National Park is an underrated gem in Tanzania. The park's diverse landscapes, including river valleys, swamps, and baobab tree-dotted plains, provide an ideal habitat for a variety of wildlife, including lions, leopards, and cheetahs.
  • Lake Manyara National Park: Nestled at the base of the Rift Valley escarpment, Lake Manyara National Park is renowned for its picturesque scenery and abundant birdlife. Visitors can spot pink flamingos, traverse lush forests, and encounter a range of wildlife, including elephants, giraffes, and hippos.
  • Selous Game Reserve: One of the largest protected areas in Africa, the Selous Game Reserve is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It offers diverse landscapes, including savannahs, woodlands, and wetlands, attracting a wide variety of wildlife, including elephants, buffaloes, crocodiles, and numerous bird species.
  • Mount Meru: Located in Arusha National Park, Mount Meru is the second-highest peak in Tanzania. This dormant volcano offers a challenging climb and stunning views of the surrounding landscapes, including lush forests, waterfalls, and wildlife like monkeys and birds
  • Lake Natron: Situated in the northern part of Tanzania, Lake Natron is a unique and serene destination known for its flamingo populations. The lake's alkaline waters provide the perfect conditions for the growth of blue-green algae, which attracts the vibrant pink flamingos. Visitors can witness this incredible sight and explore the surrounding landscapes, including the nearby Ol Doinyo Lengai volcano
  • Lake Eyasi: Located in the Eyasi Valley, Lake Eyasi is a shallow soda lake surrounded by dramatic landscapes. This region is home to various tribes, including the Hadza and Datoga, known for their unique cultures and traditional ways of life. Visitors can engage in cultural experiences, such as learning traditional hunting and gathering techniques from the Hadza or witnessing traditional ceremonie

These are just a few of the many incredible tourist attractions that Tanzania has to offer. Whether you're seeking wildlife encounters, stunning landscapes, or cultural experiences, Tanzania has something for everyone.

Here's the travel information for traveling to Tanzania:

  • E-visa: For travelers visiting Tanzania, an e-visa is required. This can be obtained online before your trip through the Tanzanian Immigration Department's official website[1].
  • Insurance: Travel insurance for entering Tanzania is mandatory, since May 2023. Having travel insurance ensures that you are protected in case of any unforeseen circumstances, such as medical emergencies, trip cancellations, or lost luggage.
  • Vaccinations: Before traveling to Tanzania, it is recommended to check with your healthcare professional or travel clinic for the latest information on required and suggested vaccinations. The most commonly recommended vaccinations for Tanzania include:
  1. Yellow Fever: A yellow fever vaccination is required if you are traveling from or have transited through a yellow fever endemic country.
  2. Typhoid and Hepatitis A: These vaccinations are suggested for all travelers to Tanzania, as they can be contracted through contaminated food and water
  3. Malaria: Taking antimalarial medication and using mosquito repellent is essential when visiting Tanzania due to the risk of contracting malaria[2].
  4. Routine vaccinations: Make sure your routine vaccinations, such as measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis, and varicella, are up to date[2].

It's important to note that these recommendations may vary depending on personal factors, such as your health history and the areas you plan to visit in Tanzania. Therefore, it is best to consult with a healthcare professional or travel clinic well in advance of your trip to ensure you have the most accurate and up-to-date information.

Here's a packing list for a safari in Tanzania:


  • Lightweight, breathable, and comfortable clothing is recommended as the weather can be hot and humid. Long-sleeved shirts and pants help protect you from the sun and from insect bites. Neutral-colored clothing is also recommended to blend in with the surroundings and not attract animals' attention.
  • Fleece or sweater: Temperatures can drop at night or in the early morning, so it's always a good idea to pack a warm layer.
  • Windbreaker or rain jacket: It's always wise to have a waterproof and windproof jacket in case of rain or strong winds.
  • Good walking shoes or boots: Comfortable and sturdy shoes or boots with good ankle support are recommended for walking and hiking.
  • Hat or cap: Wide-brimmed hats or caps provide excellent sun protection.

Accessories and Gear:

  • Binoculars: This is an essential item to spot and observe wildlife.
  • Camera and spare batteries or charger: You definitely don't want to miss capturing those special moments on your safari.
  • Flashlight or headlamp with extra batteries: Many safari lodges and camps have limited electricity, so a reliable flashlight is essential for navigating in the dark.
  • Sunscreen and insect repellent: Protect your skin from the intense African sun and mosquito bites.
  • Personal first-aid kit: Basic first-aid items such as band-aids, painkillers, and anti-diarrhea medication are recommended.
  • Water bottle: It's important to stay hydrated, and a reusable water bottle is a more sustainable option than buying plastic bottles.


  • Cash: While most safari lodges and camps accept credit cards, it's always a good idea to have some cash on hand for tips and small purchases.
  • Swimsuit: If your safari lodge or camp has a pool, you may want to relax and cool down after a hot day in the savannah.
  • Books or e-readers: There will be downtime during your safari, so it's always good to have some reading material to relax with.
  • Travel adapter: Tanzania uses British-style three-pin plugs, so you may need an adapter to charge your electronic devices.

Remember, it's always a good idea to pack lightly and leave unnecessary valuables at home. Most safari lodges and camps offer laundry services, so you don't need to overpack.

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Tour Operator based in Arusha, Tanzania, registration company number 132864. We provide custom made safaris in Northern Tanzania. Our guides speak English, French and Italian.
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