The Ngorongoro Conservation, also known as the eighth wonder of the world, covers an area of 8288 km2 and includes the volcanic area of the Ngorongoro Crater, the still active Oldonyo Lengai volcano and the famous Olduvai canyon.
Its central point, the Ngorongoro Crater, which is the largest intact volcanic caldera in the world, leaves us breathless and, probably, is one of the experiences that you will not forget of your trip to Tanzania.
The crater base is only 160 km2, despite its small size it is home to some 30,000 animals with a high concentration of predators. The Crater welcomes about 25,000 large mammals.
Predominant species in the crater are zebras, wildebeests (they represent almost half of the animals), Grant and Thompson’s gazelles, buffalo, elands, African antelope and phagocero.
The Ngorongoro has a large number of carnivores attracted by the large number of prey, here you can find the highest population density of large predators, mostly lions (over 100) and more than 400 spotted hyenas, living in clans between 8 and 80 individuals.
Other predators of the Tanzania trip worth mentioning are the bat-eared fox, jackals and cheetahs.
You will notice the absence of giraffes and impalas, the cause is probably to be found in the absence or scarcity of bushes, habitats and nourishment favoured by these animals.
The internal part of the crater, due to the microclimate that has been created and thanks to the isolation from the rest of the area, here there is a unique wildlife habitat.
Animals live here as in a small Eden, moreover the soil is very rich in mineral salts which make the herbs very nutritious.
The abundant rains contribute to the formation of small ponds, marshes but also fill the Lake Magadi.
The edge of the crater is often immersed in the fog formed by the difference in temperature between the bottom of the crater, the edge and the surrounding highlands.
Rain and fog are responsible for the unique microclimate that has been created on the slopes and inside the caldera itself.
The savannah occupies the innermost part of the crater, where small swamps, yellow acacia groves, low and high grass meadows and semi-desert clearings alternate.